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MARAS MORAY

Half day tour. Begins: 8:00 a.m. Until: 6:30 p.m. (Approximately)

Salt Mines of Maras:

Not far from Moray, along a horseshoe shaped path, lies Maras. It is very impressive to see how the 3000 pools which collect salt are encrusted along the slope of the hill. The view is divine as you can appreciate the mountains as well as the Urubamba valley and the very important peaks, Weqey Willka (known as Veronica, 5682 m) and Apu Illa Huaman and Chikon (5530 m)

Moray:

From Moray, because of its climactic conditions, many say that it was a biological experimental station. Some believe that it was an important center for vegetable acclimatization. Finally, others say that it was a greenhouse. What is sure is that Moray is a beautiful archaeological complex constructed with giant circular depressions where terraces were created out of stone and where effectively a different climate exists on each terrace.


SOUTH VALLEY:

Half day tour. Begins: 8:00 a.m. Until: 6:30 p.m. (Approximately)

Tipón – Pikillakta and Andahuaylillas

Visiting these places is like travelling through three stages in history:

Pikillakta is a citadel from the Wari Culture (650 D.C.)

Tipon is an Inca agricultural center (1200 D.C.) and

Andahuaylillas is important because of its colonial church (1700 D.C.)

In Tipón there is spring which is surrounded by an impressive agricultural complex with terraces and pools which are dazzling. It has charming irrigation canals and beautiful stone craftsmanship.

Pikillakta was a Pre-Inca city which was inhabited by approximately 10,000 people. It has an almost perfect geometric design where there are administrative, ceremonial, residential and defensive sectors. It has blocks, straight streets and a practical system of paths.

Finally Andahuaylillas is famous for its church named “La Sixtina de America” which was constructed over an Inca palace, probably a holy shrine. The most impressive part of the church is its roof which is decorated completely with colonial frescos. When one enters the church by its main door, inside to the left you will find the bapistry. Around its middle entrance there is an inscription “I baptize you in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost. Amen.” Interestingly t,he inscription is written in the five languages relevant during the period of which the church has been built: Latin, Spanish, Quechua, Pukina and Aymara (Pukina is an extinct language today.) There are murals on the inside wall and on both sides of the door which represent a irreverent, well travelled path which leads to hell and another virtuous one which leads to heaven.